Digital Forensics In Cases of Suspected Insurance Fraud: How Could They Be Used In Investigations?

While this is not very well known, IT companies are often hired by insurance companies in order to substantiate claims of fraud whether it is related to arson or a burglary. By carefully evaluating pieces of evidence, these companies can help insurance companies from paying out large sums of money in fraudulent cases. There are a number of digital forensic techniques that can be used to help the company identify whether the suspected case of fraud is true or not. These are-

  1. Picture, video, and document analysis- these analyses are most conducted in the case of suspected thefts of valuable items. An EXIF data analysis is carried out on images or videos to determine exactly when the photo was taken and using what device. This allows analysts to determine of the complainant is actually speaking the truth or is forging the evidence in support of the insurance claim
  2. Cell site analysis- cell site analysis is the process through which an individual’s movements can be tracked by the messages and calls made from their phone. This will allow investigators to pinpoint the location of all persons concerned in the suspected fraud, thereby giving them a way to narrow down what would otherwise have been a large pool of suspects
  3. Live and deleted data extractions- digital forensics can be a huge help when it comes to recovering data that suspects have deleted from their mobile devices. This is especially helpful when individuals delete messages between themselves and their partners in crime. The recovery of data is not limited to text and can in fact be extended to photographs, videos, application downloads and usage, as well as the internet browser history. This allows investigators to find new leads and push on them to find the culprit responsible
  4. Analysis of chat application messages- the main idea behind analysing messages between individuals on social media applications especially is to determine whether or not there is a relationship between those claiming to not know each other. This can help investigators determine whether the victim is to actually be looked at as a suspect or whether two parties are in cohorts
  5. Cyber defence- this is usually the step that comes after a computer has been hacked into or cyber attacked. Using digital forensics can help in multiple ways, first in terms of what files have been affected as well as how the intrusion happened
  6. Timeline forensics- timeline forensics is the process through which a computer device is analysed in order to understand at what time the computer was used and for what activity. This could be a useful way to check the alibis of suspects and progress in your investigation
  7. Data recovery- this option is explored by computer forensic analysts when the device is damage by an external variable such as water, fire, or some sort of physical force. Companies try to assess the damaged device to see if there is any possibility of recovering the crucial data that lies within

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